Causes and Effects of Marine Habitat Loss, 35+ Outstanding Facts About the Planet Earth, Advantages and Importance of Reforestation, Five Different Atmospheric Layers of the Earth, Causes and Effects of Ozone Layer Depletion, Extraordinary Ways to Protect Coral Reefs, Causes and Effects to Environmental Pollution, Causes and Effects of Ocean Acidification. This may be a more efficient use of a scarce resource. Some of the most common, yet complex, effects of food insecurity include: serious health complications, especially when people facing hunger are forced to choose between spending … Several causes of food insecurity include; unemployment and not having a reliable source of income, high housing costs, low wages and poverty, lack of access to food stamps and high medical or health insurance cost. State reconstruction became hindered when the economy of the DRC collapsed due to the powerful elite exploiting the country’s economic resources. Informal and cultural institutions also play a role in easing the burden of conflicts and can prove to be more effective than weak or collapsed formal institutions. Over the years, there has been significant reductions in global food insecurity however, the problem still poses a threat especially in developing countries like Nigeria. The current aid architecture also needs to be reformed so that it is flexible enough to link short and longer term response. Future food needs can or cannot be met by current levels of production. A hungry mother will give birth to an underweight baby, who then faces a future of stunted growth, frequent illness, learning disabilities and reduced resistance to disease. The countries in protracted crises should establish their own regional and national targets as well as associated indicators. Generally, food insecurity and hunger amounts to poor health status, making children sick more often, with higher rates of iron deficiency anemia, and also results in children being frequently hospitalized. pic] In general, there are many causes of food insecurity, for instance, the unavailability of food, insufficient purchasing power, inappropriate distribution, or … Globalization may or may not lead to the persistence of food insecurity and poverty in rural communities. Co… In other words, there are millions of people all over the world who suffer from a shortage of food and cannot tell if they will be able to feed themselves the next day or at the end of the day. poverty) could be a cause of both. The Frightful Long Terms Effects of Food Insecurity on Children. 5.4 million people were declared dead since 1998 from war-related violence, hunger and disease. Food insecurity has been researched extensively, and this research has helped policy makers and program This includes an increase in temperatures, changes in precipitation patterns, and the increased frequency of extreme weather events. Stated differently, traditional humanitarian and development approaches are often not suitable for guiding analysis and response. They are mainly farmers and are usually carers of their families. Land is at center stage of conflict, especially in the regions such as Ituri and Masisi. If you need assistance with writing your essay, our professional essay writing service is here to help! For individual households, poverty is the driver of food insecurity. Food insecurity -- uncertainty about or a lack of consistent access to food that meets the needs of household members -- is a persistent social problem in the United States that affected roughly 14.3 million households in 2018 and nearly 14% of households with children, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture. One of the key factors that threaten peace and stability is food insecurity. Food insecurity rates remain stubbornly high for a number of reasons. 1990 and 1992, Sigman-Grant and Suter 1994) or address more specific issues such as behavioral and emotional problems in children (Kleinman et al. Loss of farmland - the growth of the market is taking up valuable farmland which is then not used … Show More . Without economic resources and a political voice, poor farmers may be forced on to less productive land possibly causing further environmental deterioration. It is necessary to address both the short and long term dimensions of protracted crises in order to have an impact on increasing food security and thus prevent and/or mitigate the adverse effects of food insecurity, especially in protracted crises. Usually it is thought that it is exclusively related to poverty as the main cause but other aspects such as violence against women are also reported in the literature; likewise, food insecurity directly impacts the worsening of diseases such as HIV or cancer. Lack of access may be due to geographic location (i.e., living in a “food desert”), socioeconomic factors or both. VAT Registration No: 842417633. Environmental Sciences. Food insecurity cannot be addressed in isolation. Progress needs to be made also with relation to goals set in other pressing areas, including poverty alleviation; education and literacy; reductions in infant, child and maternal mortality; improved reproductive health; and environmental protection. The second leading cause of food insecurity is the growth of the human population. The devastating effects of pre-war land policies on the rural people of DRC have intensified since the war. Acting without adequate analysis may reduce the effectiveness of response and, in the worst cases, make the situation even worse. Food insecurity, according to the USDA, is “a household-level economic and social condition of limited or uncertain access to adequate food.” Essentially, food insecurity is the inability of a household, family or individual to adequately access a diet that meets their needs for both caloric intake and nutritional value. No plagiarism, guaranteed! You can also go back to the homepage and start browsing from there. But, as the pandemic plunged the global economy into the worst recession since World War II, … Insufficient income to regularly buy food is the leading cause of food insecurity. There are two kinds of causes one is natural disaster the other cause … Attempt was made to give an overview of the fundamental threat pose by insecurity of food on the people; these include: a moral and humanitarian threat, developmental threat and strategic threat. Therefore, food insecurity has a high-flying impact in early death from chronic health conditions and the cause of undernutrition that leads to an augmented susceptibility and decreased flexibility to NCDs as a result of compromised nutrition. Some possible solutions While it is true that the food insecurity problems in Africa are complex and will not all be solved overnight, there has been some progress made on this important issue. Deficiency is the lack or shortage of something, so food deficiency is the shortage of food; and food insecurity is when people in an area do not have access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food at all times to meet their dietary needs. 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