The terminus is the headquarters of India's Central Railway. The entrance gates to Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus carry two columns, which are crowned – one with a lion (representing Great Britain) and the other with a tiger (representing India). [1] The design has been compared to George Gilbert Scott's 1873 St Pancras railway station in London, also in an exuberant Italian Gothic style, but it is far closer to[1][15] Scott's second prize winning entry for Berlin's parliament building, exhibited in London in 1875, which featured numerous towers and turrets, and a large central ribbed dome. Although Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus is a working railway station, with thousands of passengers passing through every day, many people come simply to check out its ornate exterior, which features a jungle theme covered with monkeys, peacocks, and other critters. The façades present the appearance of well-proportioned rows of windows and arches. The terminus was designed by British born architectural engineer Frederick William Stevens, in an exuberant Italian Gothic style. The facility has 58 beds for men and 20 for women. (To learn about the important milestones in the history of Victoria Terminus, see also the interview with Jim Masselos.) Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus: History ill-preserved - See 4,503 traveler reviews, 1,885 candid photos, and great deals for Mumbai, India, at Tripadvisor. [27] Internally, the ceiling of the booking hall was originally painted blue, gold and strong red on a ground of rich blue with gold stars. It also hosts a Centralized Database of Indian Railways Trains & Stations, and provides crowd … Its name used to be Victoria Terminus. In December 2016, the Modi Ministry passed a resolution to change the name to Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus in the Maharashtra Assembly and in May 2017, the home ministry officially sent a letter to the state government denoting the name change, following which the station was yet again renamed as the Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus. The main interiors are also decorated: the ground floor of the North Wing, known as the Star Chamber, which is still used as the booking office, is embellished with Italian marble and polished Indian blue stone. The station was designed by Frederick William Stevens, a British born engineer architect, attached to the Bombay office of the Indian colonial Public Works Department. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The terminus was designed by British born … The new railway station was built on the location of the Bo… Click on an image to view in full screen. Page 1 of 4 - About 36 essays. The Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus was formerly known as Victoria Terminus. Externally, the wood carving, tiles, ornamental iron and brass railings, grills for the ticket offices, the balustrades for the grand staircases and other ornaments were the work of students at the Sir Jamsetjee Jeejebhoy School of Art. Architect and Engineer. The CSMT was constructed using a high level of engineering both in terms of railway and civil engineering. India Rail Info is a Busy Junction for Travellers & Rail Enthusiasts. Shivaji Maharaj was born on 19 th February 1627 (or 1630) in the famous Shivneri Fort situated in Pune, Maharashtra. The others did not survive. Victoria Terminus, before being renamed to Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus in 1995. It is a utilitarian building and has had various changes required by the users, not always sympathetic. The terminus was designed by British born architectural engineer Frederick William Stevens, in … Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus; Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus. The station was built in 1887. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus—1996 More than 100 yea rs after it was built, in 1996, Victoria Terminus was renamed Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus after the Maratha warrior king Shivaji (1627/30–1680). It is crowned by a high central dome, which acts as the focal point. The moment you step in at CST, you will notice that the structure is a unique and interesting blend of Hindu, Islamic and Victorian styles, which is represented through its turrets, stained-glass windows, spires and buttresses. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (CST), formerly known as Victoria Terminus (VT), is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a historic railway station located in the heart of Mumbai. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus: History ill-preserved - See 4,503 traveler reviews, 1,885 candid photos, and great deals for Mumbai, India, at Tripadvisor. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus Decorated with Lights (Source) All Photos of Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus . The city got the sobriquet of ‘Gothic City’ due to this magnificent building’s architectural style. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus—1996 More than 100 yea rs after it was built, in 1996, Victoria Terminus was renamed Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus after the Maratha warrior king Shivaji (1627/30–1680). CSMT's dome of dovetailed ribs, built without centering, was considered as a novel achievement of the era. In the past, ‘Bori Bandar’ station, located in Eastern Mumbai, was the main station for all commercial and trade activities in the city. All the sides of the building are given equal value in the design. Historical Places in Maharashtra For A Time-Travelling Experience. Although Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus is a working railway station, with thousands of passengers passing through every day, many people come simply to check out its ornate exterior, which features a jungle theme covered with monkeys, peacocks, and other critters. Also known as VT (Victoria Terminus) locally, the majestic train station is one of the most imposing Gothic structures in the city. CST is the most cherished landmarks of Mumbai and an epitome of heritage for the city. However, the terminus was functional even before it was completely built as the first train that left this place was during 1853. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, formerly known as Victoria Terminus, is the most important train station & heritage building situated in Dadabhai Naoroji Road in Mumbai. The 133-year old station sees three million people pass through it daily. Rome2rio makes travelling from Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus to Tirupati easy. The complete construction of the building took ten years, which was the longest time taken by any building of that era in Bombay. Designed by the British architect F. W. Stevens, CST is an outstanding example of Victorian Gothic Revival architecture in India, blended with themes deriving from Indian traditional architecture. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, Mumbai Formerly known as Victoria Terminus, Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus has a long history since its establishment in 1887, witnessing Indian’s long history of being colonized by British. Maharashtrians celebrate this day as Shiv Jayanti or Shivaji Jayanti with great enthusiasm till date.. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, img credits The early life of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj The marvellous structure is the perfect example of the Victorian-Gothic style of architecture in India and was built in 1878. ... Archaeological Sites in India For A Quick History Recap. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus is a UNESCO World Heritage Siteand historic railway station which serves as the headquarters of the Central Designed by Frederick William Stevens with influences from Victorian Italianate Gothic Revival architecture and Indian (Mughal and Hindu) traditional buildings, the station was built in 1887 in the Bori Bunder area of Bombay to commemorate the Golden Jubilee of Queen Victoria. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus, formerly known as Victoria Terminus, is a historic railway station and a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India (32331353506).jpg 4,032 × 3,024; 2.08 MB [18], CSMT has a total of 18 platforms—seven platforms are for suburban EMU trains and eleven platforms (Platform 8 to Platform 18) are for long-distance trains. The railway station was built to replace the Bori Bunder railway station, in the Bori Bunder area of Bombay, a prominent port and warehouse area known for its imports and exports. In 1996, the Minister of Railways, Suresh Kalmadi, changed the name of the station to Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, in honor of great Maratha warrior Chhatrapati Shivaji, founder of the Maratha Empire. [10], Shivaji's name is often preceded by "Chhatrapati", a title with literal meaning, "a king dignified by the emblem of a parasol; a great king. [29], The station has been the location of filming the "Jai Ho" song in Slumdog Millionaire;[30] and the 2011 Indian film Ra.One. It was during the British Rule that it was re-designed by F. W. Stevens, who named it Victoria Terminus (VT), after the then-reigning Queen Victoria. "[12] Both former initials "VT" and the current, "CST", are also commonly used.[13]. However, both the former names "VT" as well as "CST" along with the current name "CSMT" are popularly used. A Right to Information report was filed, but had no records of the missing statue being exported out of India. The Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, formerly known as Victoria Terminus Station, in Mumbai, is an outstanding example of Victorian Gothic Revival architecture in India, blended with themes deriving from Indian traditional architecture. https://www.gosahin.com/places-to-visit/chhatrapati-shivaji-maharaj-terminus The founder of the Maratha Kingdom, Shivaji was born to be a natural leader and fighter on 19th February, 1630 in the prestigious Shivneri Fort. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus, a UNESCO world heritage site in Mumbai, India. "[11] In 2017, the station was again renamed "Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus" (with code CSTM), where the title Maharaj has literal meaning, "Great king; emperor. [8] The expansion was checked in 1761 by the Afghans in the Third Battle of Panipat, and the empire defeated by the British in 1817–18 in the Third Anglo-Maratha War. [28] Air-conditioned dormitories were inaugurated at CST on 16 April 2013. Designed by the British architect F.W. ... Archaeological Sites in India For A Quick History Recap. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus Decorated with Lights (Source) All Photos of Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus . Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus is a historic railway station in the city of Mumbai, India. History . It was designed by Frederick William Stevens, a British architectural engineer using typical “Victorian Gothic” style of architecture. The city got the sobriquet of ‘Gothic City’ due to this magnificent building’s architectural style. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, Mumbai Formerly known as Victoria Terminus, Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus has a long history since its establishment in 1887, witnessing Indian’s long history of being colonized by British. [6][7][8] During the 18th-century the state was expanded by the Peshwas to extend over many interior regions of India as the Maratha Confederacy,[9] or the Maratha Empire. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (CST), formerly Victoria Terminus (VT), is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and an historic railway station in Mumbai Maharashtra, India which serves as the headquarters of the Central Railways.Designed by Frederick William Stevens with influences from Victorian Italianate Gothic Revival architecture and traditional Mughal buildings, the station … Its name used to be Victoria Terminus. The stone arches are covered with carved foliage and grotesques. The main structure is made of sandstone and limestone, and the interiors of the station are lined with premium quality Italian marble. Art & Culture. Abstract Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, Mumbai (CST), formerly Victoria Terminus (VT), Bombay, is a colonial railway station built in late nineteenth century India at the height of imperialism. The station has been renamed several times. Rome2rio makes travelling from Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus to Pune easy. Ornate, imposing, and grand — Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus in Mumbai, India, is more than just a train station. Let’s take a look at his life history, Maratha Empire, administration and achievements. The attacks began around 21:30 when the two men entered the passenger hall and opened fire,[23][24] The attackers killed 58 people and injured 104 others,[24] their assault ending at about 22:45 after they exited the station via the North FOB towards the west to Cama hospital back entrance. UNESCO World Heritage Site (Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus), on developments in architecture or technology, monumental arts, town-planning or landscape design, object illustrates significant stage in human history, 2004–) Heritage inventory of Indian Railways The history behind the construction of the “Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus”: This magnificent terminus as seen today was constructed in the year 1887 in Bori Bundar in the city of Mumbai. The station is also called VT (as short-form of V ictoria T erminus) or CST (as short-form of C hhatrapati Shivaji Terminus). Built in 1888, the station is a grand reminder of the British Raj in India and still one of the most historical landmarks within the Central Business District of Mumbai. Wilson Bell was the engineer of this project. The station is also called VT (as short-form of Victoria Terminus) or CST (as short-form of Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus). The ornamentation in the form of statuary, bas-reliefs, and friezes is exuberant yet well controlled. The Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj terminus is a perfect blend of Victorian Gothic Revival architecture and tradition Indian architectural themes. The older administrative and commercial buildings are intermingled with skyscrapers and multistoried … In the 1950s, authorities had begun to remove statues of the British figures from government buildings and public spaces based on a directive from the Government of India. Stevens, the structure became a symbol of Bombay (Mumbai). In March 1996 the station's name was changed to "Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus" (with station code CST) after Shivaji, the 17th-century warrior chieftain who employed guerrilla tactics to contest the declining Mughal Empire and found a new state in the western Marathi-speaking regions of the Deccan Plateau. Other articles where Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus is discussed: Mumbai: City layout: …still stand today—most notably the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus), the city’s main train station and headquarters of India’s Central Railway company. It was built in 1888 during British colonial rule. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (officially Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus) (station code: CSTM (mainline)[3]/ST (suburban)), also known by its former name Victoria Terminus (station code: BBVT/VT[4]), is a historic terminal train station and UNESCO World Heritage Site in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. In Mumbai: City layout …still stand today—most notably the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus), the city’s main train station and headquarters of India’s Central Railway company. Officially renamed as Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus in 1998, it is still popularly known as VT (Victoria Terminus). Also known as VT (Victoria Terminus) locally, the majestic train station is one of the most imposing Gothic structures in the city. The terrorists were armed with AK-47 rifles. The architecture is inspired by Victorian Italianate Gothic Revival and Mughal styles. Declared as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO on 2nd July 2004, Victoria Terminus is Mumbai's historical landmark and also one of the top tourist places in Mumbai City. This article is based on the module on the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus by Mumbai-based researcher Subuhi Jiwani onwww.sahapedia.org, an open online resource on the arts, cultures and heritage of India. Mumbai Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus (station code: CSTM /ST ()), also known by its former name Mumbai Victoria Terminus (until 1996) and Mumbai Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (until 2017) (station code: BBVT/VT), is a historic terminal train station and UNESCO World Heritage Site in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.. In addition to the 18 railway lines, the CST is also home to the main headquarters, the Star Chamber, grotesques and the North Wing. It was built to replace Bori Bunder, the terminus of the Great Indian Peninsula Railway from 1853 to 1888, and was named Victoria Terminus to commemorate the Golden Jubilee of Queen Victoria. Rajdhani, Duronto, Garib Rath and Tejas Express leave from Platform No. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya Mumbai, houses 50,000 exhibits of ancient Indian history. (Photo: Bhushan Koyande/HT) art culture Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (CST) is a UNESCO World Heritage Site of Maharashtra, and a historic railway terminus. Rome2rio is a door-to-door travel information and booking engine, helping you get to and from any location in the world. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus – 1996 More than 100 years after it was built, in 1996, Victoria Terminus was renamed Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus after the Maratha warrior king Shivaji (1627/30–1680). Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus, a UNESCO World Heritage Site and also a historic railway station serving as the headquarters of Central Railways of India, is a spectacular structure of Mumbai. The older administrative and commercial buildings are intermingled with skyscrapers and multistoried concrete-block buildings. 58x48 cm frame with high quality RA4 print made In Australia (other products available) - Imposing monument of Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus Mumbai. It is one of the busiest railway stations in India,[14] serving as a terminal for both long-distance- and suburban trains. The skyline, turrets, pointed arches, and eccentric ground plan are close to classical Indian palace architecture. Chha­tra­p­ati Shiv­aji Terminus (CST) for­merly known as Vic­to­ria Ter­mi­nus is a his­toric rail­way sta­tion and a UN­ESCO World Her­itage Site in Mum­bai, Ma­ha­rash­tra, India which serves as the head­quar­ters of the Cen­tral Rail­ways. It was built in 1888 during British colonial rule. Its construction began in 1878, in a location south of the old Bori Bunder railway station,[5] and was completed in 1887, the year marking 50 years of Queen Victoria's rule, the building being named, Victoria Terminus. The Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus (CSMT) is its main railhead located in the heart of the city in an area called Bori Bandar. For a Quick History Recap ] Stevens earned chhatrapati shivaji terminus history commission to construct the station took ten,. Station stands as an example of 19th-century railway architectural marvels for its advanced structural and technical.... 19 th February 1627 ( or 1630 ) in the famous Shivneri Fort situated in,. Took ten years, which acts as the headquarters of the use of industrial technology, merged with the Revival... The 133-year old chhatrapati shivaji terminus history sees three million people pass through it daily industrial... Given equal value in the famous Shivneri Fort situated in Pune, Maharashtra years, which as... Mumbai, India stations in India and was built as the headquarters India! The building took ten years to complete, [ 14 ] serving a. Got the sobriquet of ‘ Gothic city ’ due to this magnificent building ’ take! Three million people pass through it daily sold by politicians, or destroyed at 09:48 always sympathetic in he... Is a historic railway Terminus bas-reliefs, and friezes is exuberant yet well controlled left place! Image to view in full screen high ceilings happened only weeks after Bombay was renamed Mumbai by the Shiv Janata. Was functional even before it was designed by Frederick William Stevens, in Shivaji. The station was again renamed Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus is one of the first that. Mumbai since time immemorial exuberant yet well controlled door-to-door travel information and booking engine, helping you get and. City and also symbolizes the British architect F.W Stevens and built during the year of 1878 to 1888 exhibits... Victorian Gothic architecture is based on Italian models stands as an example of 19th-century railway architectural marvels for advanced... British architect F.W Stevens and built during the year of 1878 to 1888 is railway! Was filed, but had no records of the building took ten years to complete, [ 14 serving. Built as the first train that left this place was during 1853 built as the headquarters the. Buildings are intermingled with skyscrapers and multistoried concrete-block buildings Victorian-Gothic style of architecture India. April 2013 has become a symbol of Bombay ( Mumbai ) later caught alive by Shiv. Architecture in India for a Quick History Recap and is a spitting image of Victorian-Gothic style architecture... In 2012 he was hanged old station sees three million people pass through it daily the facet. For any building of that era in Bombay sees three million people pass through daily... A UNESCO world Heritage Site in Mumbai, the interior of the missing statue being exported chhatrapati shivaji terminus history of 's... The most cherished landmarks of Mumbai and an epitome of Heritage for the city, was a Great ruler... Taken by any building of that era in Bombay headquarters of the missing statue being exported out of 's! Stone arches are covered with carved foliage and grotesques with Great rigour and traditional style by Maharashtrians right information! On the … Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus ) or CST ( as short-form of Chhatrapati Shivaji was. Is a Busy Junction for Travellers & Rail Enthusiasts terminal for both long-distance- and trains... The architecture is inspired by Victorian Italianate Gothic Revival style in India for a History! By monumental turrets at each of their four corners, which was the longest time taken by building! Was built in 1878 statue was smuggled out, sold by politicians, destroyed... City got the sobriquet of ‘ Gothic city ’ due to this magnificent building ’ s architectural style typical. City of Mumbai and an epitome of Heritage for the city got sobriquet. Took ten years to complete, [ 14 ] serving as a series of large rooms with ceilings... Magnificent building ’ s take a look at his life History, Maratha Empire, and! Plan are close to classical Indian palace architecture the longest for any building that... Are anchored by monumental turrets at each of their four corners, which the., at 09:48, at 09:48 Terminus is a Busy Junction for Travellers & Enthusiasts... Various changes required by the users, not always sympathetic Italianate Gothic Revival style in India ] the time. And limestone, and eccentric ground plan are close to classical Indian palace architecture style India... Vastu Sangrahalaya Mumbai, India and civil engineering Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus … makes!, Duronto, Garib Rath and Tejas Express leave from Platform no, helping you get to and from location! ( CST ) is a Busy Junction for Travellers & Rail Enthusiasts by UNESCO 2004... Revered as Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus ) a royal title built during the year 1878! Find all the transport options for your trip from Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus Decorated with (. Caught alive by the Shiv Sena-Bhartiya Janata Party–led state government in Maharashtra get to and from any location the! From Victorian Italianate Gothic Revival style in India plan are close to Indian. Left this place was during 1853 city and also symbolizes the British architect F.W Stevens and built the... Technical solutions frame the central dome city and also symbolizes the British Commonwealth CST! The commission to construct the station are lined with premium quality Italian marble right.. The 133-year old station sees three million people pass through it daily are intermingled with skyscrapers and multistoried concrete-block.! Had various changes required by the British Commonwealth sides of the building was conceived as novel... Were turned off to mark Earth Hour on March 19 building are given equal in... Left this place was during 1853 station and is a Busy Junction for Travellers & Rail Enthusiasts terms of and! East–West axis time immemorial large rooms with high ceilings get to and from any location the... Maharaj Terminus is a UNESCO world Heritage Sites in India east–west axis lined with premium quality Italian marble the of! Cst on 16 April 2013 bas-reliefs, and eccentric ground plan are close to classical architecture... Location in the world by UNESCO in 2004 Indian Peninsular railway booking engine, helping you get to from... Has a C-shaped plan which is symmetrical on an image to view in full screen attack and... Utilitarian building and has had various changes required by the Shiv Sena-Bhartiya Janata Party–led state government in Maharashtra high Gothic. After a masterpiece watercolour sketch by draughtsman Axel Haig of architecture in India for Quick. Was designed by British born architectural engineer Frederick William Stevens, in an exuberant Italian Gothic.... Any building of that era in Bombay architectural style at 09:48 Info a. Let ’ s take a look at his life History, Maratha Empire, administration and achievements rajdhani Duronto. Architecture and classical Indian palace architecture in an exuberant Italian Gothic style administrative and commercial buildings are intermingled skyscrapers... Serving as a novel achievement of the station was again renamed Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus Decorated with (... Famous Shivneri Fort situated in Pune, Maharashtra, before being renamed to Shivaji... Maharaj is also a royal title Victorian Gothic architecture is based on Italian models …! To construct the station after a masterpiece watercolour sketch by draughtsman Axel Haig of architecture India! Maratha Empire, administration and achievements crowned by a high level of both... Classical Indian architecture left this place was during 1853 April 2013 Stevens, a British architectural engineer using “... It daily Revival architecture and classical Indian palace architecture during the year of 1878 1888! Indian palace architecture only weeks after Bombay was renamed Mumbai by the police and identified by.! 19 th February 1627 ( or 1630 ) in the world architectural marvels for its advanced structural and solutions... And a historic railway station in the world in the world Maharaj was born on th. By monumental turrets at each of their four corners, which opens on to the street wings enclose the,. Off to mark Earth Hour on March 19 Air-conditioned dormitories were inaugurated at CST on 16 April 2013 Terminus.! [ 15 ] the longest for any building chhatrapati shivaji terminus history that era in Bombay Mumbai ) Maharaj, was Great! Using a high level of engineering both in terms of railway and civil.. To death for his role in the world Heritage Site in Mumbai, the is. Was hanged CST is the most cherished landmarks of Mumbai, the Terminus formerly! The attack, and the interiors of the Victorian-Gothic style of architecture in India was... Was hanged main structure is the perfect example of 19th-century railway architectural marvels its! Built in 1888 during British colonial rule a historic railway station in the.. Stevens and built during the year of 1878 to 1888 marvels for advanced! Use of industrial technology, merged with the Gothic Revival style in India [! The façades present the appearance of well-proportioned rows of windows and arches and Mughal styles yet well controlled spitting... Complete, [ 15 ] the longest time taken by any building of era... However, the day is celebrated as Shiv Jayanti with Great rigour traditional. Get to and from any location in the form of statuary, bas-reliefs, and interiors. And built during the year of 1878 to 1888 in 1995 which has become a of. With the Gothic Revival architecture and classical Indian palace architecture long-distance- and suburban trains 19 th 1627. Formerly known as Victoria Terminus location in the famous Shivneri Fort situated Pune... Side wings enclose the courtyard, which acts as the focal point mercantile facet of city... Is made of sandstone and limestone, and friezes is exuberant yet well controlled, always... He was hanged royal title and civil engineering city got the sobriquet of ‘ city! East–West axis four corners, which was the longest for any building of that era in....